United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit

New York State Court of Appeals

People v. Dokes, 79 N.Y.2d 656 (1992)

This appeal established the principal that a defendant must be present at all significant stages of the trial.  As a result a practice has been instituted in trial courts around the state wherein judges discuss with defendants when it is acceptable for their attorney to approach the bench and discuss matters with the court without their being present (trial counsel only).

Appellate Division

Albany City Court